Master of Science (MS)
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St. Mary's University (San Antonio, Tex.)
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Research indicates behavioral and attitudinal manifestations of religion and spirituality exert cross-domain impact across cognitive, intrapersonal, biological, industrial-organizational, and behavioral domains (Calman, 2008; Ngunjiri & Miller, 2004). The present study conducted a meta-analysis of both religious and spirituality (RS) as predictors on outcomes of job satisfaction, job performance, and organizational citizenship behavior. The present study seeks to delineate and distinguish religious faiths from spirituality by comparing the pooled effect size of religion studies with spirituality studies. A random effects model was analyzed for two subgroups on each dependent variable. Next, a subgroup fixed effects (plural) model was utilized to detect differences between subgroups. For outcomes of job satisfaction, job performance, and OCBs, no statistically significant differences between subgroups was found, p > .05. The findings of this study show that religion and spirituality are equally competent predictors of these workplace outcomes. Implications and limitations are discussed.
Balcazar, Juan, "Religion, Spirituality, and the Workplace: A Meta-analytic Study on Outcomes of Job Satisfaction, Job Performance, and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors" (2020). Theses & Dissertations. 41.
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