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Publication Date

Fall 2019

Digital Publisher

Digital Commons at St. Mary's University


This is the twelfth journal for the McNair Scholars Program at St. Mary's University.


What a long, strange summer it has been! This summer, twenty-three McNair scholars representing the

College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences; the Greehey School of Business; and the School of Science, Engineering, and Technology at St. Mary’s University forged a new path by completing our first-ever virtual research experience. More than any previous McNair cohort, these scholars gained important new skills as they mastered not only their individual research topics, but also a wealth of new technologies. During a typical summer, scholars are secluded together on campus, living in a community and supporting one another in frequent daily interactions in seminars and laboratories. This summer, scholars were living off campus at locations across the state, country, and internationally. The person in the next room was not another scholar, struggling with the same time constraints and tasks, but a parent, roommate, sibling, or grandparent who may not have understood what the scholars were trying to accomplish. Despite the challenges and distractions, these scholars excelled, proving themselves intelligent, motivated, creative, and resilient. Although we can hope we will never find ourselves forced into a summer like this again, the lessons and triumphs of this experience will serve our scholars well in the coming years as they confront life’s unexpected challenges. Please enjoy these fruits of a very productive, albeit very unusual, McNair Scholars Summer Research Experience." Jennifer Zwahr-Castro, PhD, Director, II


Other Education


Academic achievement; Organization of American States; Hispanic American College Students; Earth resistance (Geophysics); Machine learning; Social media -- Influence; College student mobility; Beluga -- Behaviors; Ground Penetrating Radar; Three-dimensional printing; Materials -- Fatigue; Belugas

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License




Messiah, Aleacia; Robledo, Anthony; Loving, Brandi; Barrera, Cresencia; Lara, Gissella; Reyes, Gabriel; Marquez-Munoz, Jessica; Salazar, Kimberly; Valdes, Miguel; Fabbri, Nicolas; Vargas, Roberto Enriquez; Ortiz, Virianny

Table of Contents

pg. 3

Size or Duration

173 pages


St. Mary's University (San Antonio, Tex.)


San Antonio

McNair Scholars Research Journal Volume XII