Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Date of Award
Counselors -- Training of; Counselors -- Supervision of; Psychotherapy -- Religious aspects; Psychology and religion; Psychotherapist and patient; Spirituality; Psychotherapy -- Methods
Proquest Document ID
St. Mary's University (San Antonio, Tex.)
Developing religious and spiritual competencies is paramount in the training of counselors to become effective in addressing clients’ religious and spiritual issues in counseling. Clinical supervision in practicum and internship courses is key to the development of these competencies, but questions as to how best they might be infused in counselor training remained. The purpose of the study was to create an explanatory theory of the process of the development of religious and spiritual competencies in clinical supervision. Utilizing grounded theory, experts in the field of supervision and spirituality were interviewed. The ways paradigm was used as a sensitizing concept that aided in organizing interview data that had implications for agency, knowledge, and intervention. Key findings showed that the integration of religion and spirituality in supervision demands critical self-awareness, critical reflexivity, transparency, communication, a process of constant evaluation, self-presence, advocacy and patronage.
Keywords: religion, spirituality, religious competencies, spiritual competencies, counselor
education, clinical supervision, constructivist grounded theory
Nnadozie, Emmanuel Javert, "A constructivist grounded theory of spiritual competencies development incounseling supervision" (2022). Theses & Dissertations. 57.
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